Finding out who did what and when and importantly presenting that evidence in a court of law is vital. Here are our recommended forensic tools for 2020.
Posted by Henry Dalziel | December 16, 2019 | Questions / Comments 8
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Digital Cybersecurity Forensics is a booming niche that will likely remain so for a long time.
Digital Forensics is a massive subject and requires meticulous planning and execution for it to be deemed successful. When we say ‘successful’ we refer to there being a guilty conviction for am incriminating cybercrime that took place. Typically InfoSec Digital Forensics is dictated by the “Chain Of Custody” principle and vital to that process is the procuring and storing of evidence which is achieved by some of the tools that we’ve gone ahead and listed below.
Within all the different IT security careers we’d say that Digital Forensics ought to be one of the fastest-growing sectors within Cybersecurity. The sheer escalating level and variations of hacks all require investigation, analysis, and legal processes to secure convictions.
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Autopsy is a digital forensics platform that works in a GUI environment. Autopsy works within ‘The Sleuth Kit (TSK)’ library is a collection of command-line forensic tools. This tool allows the user to investigate disk images. The Sleuth Kit is used law enforcement, military, and corporate examiners to investigate what happened on a computer – and therefore if you would like to start a career in as a digital forensic investigator then a thorough understanding of this tool would be a clever and smart investment.
Is Autopsy Free? Yes, this tool is free to use.
Does Autopsy Work on all Operating Systems? It works on Linux, Windows and MAC OS X.
What are the Typical Uses for Autopsy? The main purpose of TSK is to execute volumes, drives and file system data. The plug-in framework allows additional modules to view file contents and build automated systems. The library can be incorporated into larger digital forensics tools and the command line tools can be directly used to find evidence.
Very possibly one of the best-known forensics and social engineering hacking tools on the market. It's a very popular tool amongst those that are familiar with it. Maltego is developed by Paterva and is a tool used for open-source forensics and intelligence. Its focus is to provide a library of transforms for the discovery of data from different open sources and visualize that data into a graph format which is suitable for data mining and link analysis.
Maltego allows building custom entities, allowing it to produce any type of information in addition to the types of basic entity which are part of the tool. The primary focus of this tool is to analyze real-world relationships between people, websites, groups, internet infrastructure, networks, domains and affiliations with social media services such as Facebook and Twitter.
This hacking tool has two types of reconnaissance options, personal and infrastructural. Personal reconnaissance includes personal information such as phone numbers, email addresses, mutual friends, social networking profiles, etc. while Infrastructural reconnaissance deals with the domains, covering DNS information such as mail exchangers, name servers, DNS to IP mapping and zone transfer tables.
Maltego sends clients’ information in the XML format over a secure HTTPS connection by using seed servers. Once the information is processed at the server-side, the results are brought back to the Maltego client. Getting all publicly available data using manual techniques and search engines is time-consuming but with Maltego, it automates the data gathering process to a great extent, thus saving a lot of time for the user/attacker.
Is Maltego Free? Maltego CE and Casefile are free to download wherein Maltego XL and Maltego Classic are paid tools. Maltego XL is the premiere edition of this tool. Features and capabilities of Maltego Classic are included here but this is the enhanced version that can work on large graphs. This will also allow you to map out a clear threat picture of the entire network making it easy in identifying abnormalities or weak points. Maltego Classic, on the other hand, is the professional version of Maltego that gives extended compatibilities and functionalities with the community version of the tool. This can also be used in a commercial environment in which free versions cannot. This paid tool can create far larger graphs compared to the community version since this has no limitation on the entities that can be returned from a single transform. You can also export the results from a range of different formats.
Does Maltego Work on all Operating Systems? Maltego currently works on Windows, Linux and Mac operating systems.
What are the Typical Uses for Maltego? The primary focus of this tool is to analyze real-world relationships between data that is accessible through the internet which includes footprinting internet infrastructure and gathering data about people and organizations owning it. The connection between these pieces of data is found by using OSINT techniques by querying searches such as whois records, social networks, DNS records, different online APIs, extracting metadata and search engines. Wide range graphical layout results will be provided by this tool that allows for the clustering of data which makes relationships accurate and instant.
Commonly used by law enforcement, EnCase is forensics software and its use has made it one of the de-facto standards in forensics. EnCase is not a free tool but you can request a demo in case you’re interested in using this tool.
Does EnCase Work on all Operating Systems? EnCase is a Windows-only tool.
What are the Typical Uses for EnCase? EnCase is primarily used in collecting information from a computer system by employing checksums to aid in detect tampering to evidence. It can collect information from different types of devices and produce concise forensic reports.
Just like the previous tools, Helix3 Pro is a unique tool customized for computer forensics. It has been created very carefully to avoid touching the host computer. The good thing is that Helix will not automatically mount swap space nor auto mount any devices attached.
Is Helix3 Pro Free? No, Helix3 Pro is a commercial tool. There’s a free version of this tool but its older and not anymore supported.
Does Helix3 Pro Work on all Operating Systems? This tool works natively on Linux operating systems, MAC OS X and Windows.
What are the Typical Uses for Helix3 Pro? Helix3 Pro focuses on forensics tools and incident response techniques. It is designed to be used by individuals who have an understanding of these techniques. With this tool, users can create forensic images of all intenal devices, search for specific file types like document files, graphic files etc.
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The Digital forensics is a branch of forensic science that is concern with identifying, recovering, investigating, validating, and presentating of facts regarding digital evidence found on computers or similar digital storage media devices.
The main role of computer forensics techniques is to searching, preserving and analyzing information on computer systems to seek potential evidence for a trial. … In the early days of computers, it was possible for a single detective to sort through files because storage capacity was so low.
Computer forensics very essential because it can save your organization money. … From a technical standpoint, the main purpose of computer forensics is to identify, collect, preserve, and analyze data in a way that preserves the integrity of the evidence collected so it can be used effectively in a legal case.
Computers are instruments for carrying out cyber crime, and with the help of the burgeoning science of digital evidence forensics, law enforcement now uses computers to fight crime. Digital evidence is commonly associated with electronic crime, or e-crime, such as child pornography or credit card fraud.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) categorizes the work computer forensics examiners do under the information security analyst category. According to 2017 data, it is expected that the demand for this job will rise up to 28 percent from 2016 to 2026, which is extremely fast.
Cyber security serves as a protection and defends of the information systems from threats such as the misuse of systems, attackers, data theft, malware outbreaks, and system outages. While cyber forensics is the collection, preservation, acquisition, and analysis of digital artifacts for use in legal proceedings.
Striving forensic computer analysts basically needs to pursue bachelor’s degree in a field such as digital forensics, computer forensics, or computer security.
Generally, Digital forensics clearly referred to as the search for and detection, recovery and preservation of evidence found on digital systems, often for criminal or civil legal purposes
Since 1990s, the name which was previously known as digital forensics was commonly termed ‘computer forensics’. The first computer forensic technicians were law enforcement officers who were also computer hobbyists. In the USA in 1984 work began in the FBI Computer Analysis and Response Team (CART).
A computer forensic investigator recieves a total amount of $58,000 annually this is according to the job site. While many private investigator jobs do not require degrees, computer forensic technicians are usually required to have bachelor’s degrees in criminal justice, computer science or even accounting.
Computer forensic analysts generate their ideas by combining their computer science background with their forensic skills to recover information from computers and storage devices. Analysts are responsible for assisting law enforcement officers with cyber crimes and to retrieve evidence.